World’s models in literary texts of 20th century: specifics of author’s variants
Aim. The aim of the article is to reveal typological features of the novels Tess of the d’Urbervilles by Thomas Hardy, The Sound and the Fury by William Faulkner, One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez as artistic projections of the world's models.
Methods. Historical and literary, cultural-historical, mythopoetic and comparative methods are used for research. On the basis of comparative study of the novels we analyzed author's guidelines for the mythologization of the natural cosmos, society, and human soul. In the texts these guidelines are manifested in mythospace, mythotime and mythology of the name, as well as archetype-mythological basis of novels and their expressive intertextuality.
Results. The results of the research show that the authors create a dynamic panorama of the universe with its hierarchical worlds; reveal their influence on the spiritual, mental and physical levels of life, on the natural and historical reality; offer an appropriate system of values; determine the place and role of man as a microcosm in the Macrocosm. Common for artistic models of the world are mythological space, manipulations over time, characteristic of mythological consciousness metamorphosis with names. Literary areas are an embodiment of the demiurgic function of the author; search for antithesis of imperfect reality; realization of the concept of neomythologism in modern metagenres.
Scientific novelty of the article lies in the fact that comparative analysis of the works of Hardy, Faulkner and Garcia Marquez has not been done before. The article aims to create the basis for further comparative studies of similar phenomena in world literature.