THE QUESTION OF THEORY AND METHODS OF CHILDREN’S TEACHING AND EDUCATION IN SPECIALIZED BOARDING SCHOOLS OF TRANSCARPATHIA IN 20-30 YEARS OF THE XX CENTURY
The study relevance is due to the contradictions between the society requirements to the teachers’ professional competence improvement in the boarding education system and incomplete implementation in their preparation the educational innovation and historical and pedagogical experience integration principle, as well as the necessity of institutional establishments activities regional specifics consideration and their organization and activity content insufficient retrospectives peculiarities’ study.
Purpose is to study on the holistic retrospective analysis basis the features of solving the theory and teaching and educating children methods in specialized boarding schools in Transcarpathia 20-30 years of the twentieth century.
The methods: search and bibliographic - in order to study archival, library catalogs, collections, descriptions and bibliographic publications; content analysis of archival sources and pedagogical periodicals’ materials to identify features of solving the education and upbringing of children’s problem in specialized boarding schools.
Results. The article reviews the activities of specialized boarding schools in Subcarpathian Russia in the 20-30s years of the twentieth century, during its involvement in the Czechoslovak Republic. Based on the analysis of archival sources and pedagogical periodicals it was found out that in the territory of the Transcarpathia of those years children with physical, the blind (Mukachevo), for children with mental retardation from (Velykyi Sevlyush) and a boarding school for the crippled (Mukachevo), which were part of the structure of the Mukachevo State Orphanage. It was found out that the Transcarpathians pedagogical community representatives took part in the international conferences and congresses (Bratislava, 1930, Mukachevo, 1922, Pilsen, 1925, etc.), where they made reports on the state of affairs in the Subcarpathian region. Russia, shared their experience of working with children who needed special conditions of staying, education and upbringing. The fact that Transcarpathian teachers were familiar and used in their work the European organizing the education and upbringing of children with physical and mental disabilities experience is evidenced by their numerous publications in the pedagogical magazine "Teacher" (A. Voloshin, M. Dobey, V. Dovgun, I. Zeikan, S. Kutsyn, A. Meshko, P. Svitlyk, I. Tymkanych, A. Chekan, etc.).
mental and intellectual development disabilities in specialized boarding schools for the deaf and dumb (Uzhgorod), for