https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/issue/feed Mountain School of Ukrainian Carpaty 2022-02-24T08:21:21+00:00 Galyna Bilavych ifosuhcvas@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify;">The journal highlights the methodological, theoretical and practical principles of pedagogical science development, current problems of schools education, including mountain regions of Ukraine and abroad. This scientific specialized edition of pedagogical sciences is intended for researchers, teachers, doctoral students, graduate students, academic staff, the parent community, and all those interested in the current status of pedagogical education development.</p> <p><strong>ISSN <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN-L/1994-4845" target="_blank" rel="noopener">1994-4845</a> </strong>(Print)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<strong>E-ISSN <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2415-7147">2415-7147</a></strong>&nbsp;(Online)</p> https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5788 ACADEMIC INTEGRITY AS A COMPONENT OF THE QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION 2022-02-22T21:18:09+00:00 Liubomyra Iliichuk liubomyra.iliichuk@pnu.edu.ua <p>The article emphasizes that the formation of a culture of academic integrity in the higher education system of Ukraine is one of the key tasks of the state educational policy, the solution of which directly depends on increasing confidence in Ukrainian academic science and improving the quality of higher education in our country. It is emphasized that the issues of implementation of academic integrity to international practices, as well as the creation and implementation of a comprehensive strategy for the formation of a culture of academic integrity of higher education and the educational community at the state level and within the free economic activities. It is noted that this problem has recently been the subject of scientific research and discussions on various academic platforms, which aim to outline the most effective ways to implement and adhere to the principles of academic integrity in higher education, which directly reflects the level of culture and social values education in Ukraine, the formation of a system of values of future professionals. It is noted that the practice of implementing academic integrity has been widely used in Europe and the United States and is enshrined in law for its implementation and observance in higher education institutions of Ukraine. Emphasis is placed on the fact that in accordance with the current norms of educational legislation, higher education institutions have the right to independently develop a policy of academic integrity and take appropriate measures to implement it in the educational environment of free educational institutions. The policy and mechanisms of formation of high culture of quality of education and academic integrity in Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University are outlined.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5789 ALGORITHM FOR INTRODUCING MOTIVATION MANAGEMENT IN ORGANIZATIONS 2022-02-22T21:21:28+00:00 Oksana Lyutko o.liutko@roippo.org.ua <p>The article notes that in modern conditions managers of all types of organizational resources primarily rely on human resources. This means that the improvement of the functioning of organizations can be achieved primarily through their better use and presupposes the purposeful activity of managers in this direction, including the motivation of the labor behavior of personnel. However, quite often, managers use such methods of influencing the professional behavior of employees, leading to demotivation of their activities. In our opinion, this situation is explained by the discrepancy between the perception of managers about the factors affecting the work of employees and the real situation. In this regard, it is very important for managers to be able to rethink their managerial experience, to overcome their own stereotypical ideas about the motivation of the activities of employees, and as a result – to form modern managerial relationships in the team, using motivational management. That is why our purpose is to determine the algorithm for the implementation of motivational management in any organization. The object of the research is the theoretical and methodological foundations of motivational management. On the basis of a critical analysis of scientific research and publications which defined the essence of the concept of «motivational management» was made an attempt to present its author’s formulations, object and subject. With the help of a questionnaire, the factors that affect the quality of performance of professional duties of employees mostly, are identified, the features of their motivation are analyzed. Considering motivational management as one of the most effective types of modern management and providing for the process of internal management of the activities of the organizations, as a result, an algorithm for the implementation of the project was determined.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5790 PECULIARITIES OF THE HIGHER EDUCATION TRANSFORMATION IN THE PERIOD OF POSTPANDEMIA IN THE DIMENSION OF EUROPEAN RESEARCH 2022-02-22T21:26:22+00:00 Natalia Melnyk loroknataliia@gmail.com Inna Rogalska-Yablonska inna2710@um.gmail.com <p>The article presents an analytical review of scientific research of Ukrainian and European scientists on the problem of transformation of higher education during the pandemic period and after its completion. The authors identify the main areas of research, their analysis. The authors' analytical review of the transformation of higher education in the Ukrainian and European dimensions during the pandemic and post-pandemic will highlight the following main areas: Ukrainian researchers focus on monitoring and identifying challenges, barriers, difficulties arising in the pandemic and its completion, as well as part of the research on the socio-emotional state of students and teachers; instead, Europeans are working to solve problems such as: the psychological problems of students and teachers during quarantine; the quality of higher education in terms of social distancing; features of the organization of the educational process in terms of distance education and improving the forms of interaction between students and teachers in order to ensure the same quality educational process; problems of diagnosing the positive and negative consequences of a pandemic and the forced social distancing caused by this pandemic. The main challenges for Ukrainian higher education institutions at the beginning of the pandemic were: methodological readiness of teachers to implement distance learning; for European university education, these were the search for improved forms of distance education and quality assurance. The study enables Ukrainian scientists working on overcoming challenges related to social distancing and loss of socio-emotional aspect of the educational process to build a vector of further ways and mechanisms to optimize the organization of higher education in the post-pandemic period, taking into account already implemented in European countries research and experience gained from the results of such research.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5791 INTEGRATION OF MEDIA DIDACTICS INTO THE EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF THE NEW UKRAINIAN SCHOOL 2022-02-22T21:33:45+00:00 Inna Chervinska inna.chervinska@pnu.edu.ua Kateryna Fomin kateryna.fomin@pnu.edu.ua Yaroslav Nykorak nykorak@pnu.edu.ua Andrii Chervinskyi andrii.chervinskyi@pnu.edu.ua <p>The article presents the most effective ways of integrating media didactics into the educational space of the New Ukrainian School with the help of innovative media technologies and media resources. The authors emphasize the fact that in modern realities the key role is played by the ability to work with different types of media texts, assess the quality and reliability of the information received, resist manipulative influence, to form constructive media behavior. Researchers emphasize the opinion that media didactics explores the functioning of the media in the learning process, and the purpose of media education is to prepare youth for the critical perception of media resources. It is specified that modern Pedagogy considers media education technologies as one of the effective means of improving the quality of education, as media educational technologies embody the principles of humanization of education, contributing to improving the intellectual, cultural, spiritual, moral level of future citizens. It is emphasized that the idea of integrative education reflects one of the main concepts of development of the New Ukrainian school - the idea of forming a competent personality and the development of students' holistic vision of the world. Researchers point to the importance of integrativeness in modern education, which aims to realize the integrity of the educational process as an important means of socializing a growing personality. Prospects for the integration of the pedagogical potential of media resources and media technologies of media didactics in the educational process of the New Ukrainian School are outlined. Because media didactics plays an important role in modernizing the content of education and gives it an innovative character.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5792 PRINCIPLES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL EXPERTISE OF EDUCATION 2022-02-22T21:37:47+00:00 Andriy Yablonsky andrey.yablonskiy61@gmail.com Liana Yatsenko lianayatsenko72@gmail.com <p>The article is devoted to substantiation of the principles of humanitarian and psychological expertise of education, for which the basic provisions of general psychology and other branches of psychological science are basic. The author refers to the coverage of theoretical aspects of scientific support of humanitarian and psychological expertise of education, which determine the basic principles of its implementation. The system of training of practical psychologists make effective enough to respond to the urgent needs of social practice in preparation for the practical psychologists activity, understand its contents, methods and forms of implementation. At the same time, the existing socio-cultural reality requires a rethinking of domestic and foreign experience, research strategies, models, theoretical and methodological, methodic’ practical training psychologists to conduct humanitarian and psychological examination. The article deals with the principles of humanitarian and psychological expertise of education, for which the base is the fundamental position of psychological science and practice. Presented by the principle of systematic study campaign, the implementation of which is aimed at analysis educative practice with the whole set of internal and external relations, in which it exists as an integrated system. Principle of tiered analysis allows us to consider some of the middle of the system and to determine their place and role in system. Principe of the determinism, which is a feature of the implementation of the psychological analysis of each obtained during the examination of the phenomenon, not only provides a statement of each obtained in the course of the examination of the phenomenon, but and analysis of the reasons for its existence. The principle of objectivity is purposed to insight into the phenomenon at the same time without making that is typical to the researcher – the inner participant of the conception knowledge process. The principle of interdisciplinary is based on the idea of the integrity of the nature of the educational sphere as the humanitarian system, which is based on the expert study also acquires the characteristics of interdisciplinary. The principle of practical orientation suggests the importance and the need to bridge the gap between theoretical knowledge in practice, taking place in the psychological and pedagogical sciences. The further research will be scheduled in the direction of the theoretical and methodological understanding of humanitarian and psychological expertise of education.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5666 GENESIS OF ART AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS IN GALICIA (END OF 19th CENTURY - 1918): HISTORICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ASPECTS 2022-01-03T20:00:42+00:00 Hanna Ivaniuk h.ivaniuk@kubg.edu.ua <p>The article highlights the results of a study of the current scientific problem of the genesis of art and industrial schools in Galicia during the history of the late 19th century - 1918. Within these chronological boundaries, Galicia developed in the legal field of the Austro-Hungarian state. The genesis of art and industrial schools in Galicia is a cultural and educational phenomenon - the connection of traditional practices of folk-art culture and European aesthetic concepts and practices. The influence of the state economic and educational policy on the formation of art and industrial schools in Galicia, which was in the status of the Crown Land, and later - the Crown Land of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, is revealed. According to the results of historical and pedagogical research, the cooperation of art museums operating in Austria-Hungary and other European countries, their cultural and educational mission in the development of art and industrial schools in Galicia in the political and legal field of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. The purpose is achieved: the peculiarities of formation and development of art and industrial schools in the lands of Galicia as a cultural-educational phenomenon of progress within the specified chronological limits are substantiated and generalized. According to the results of the analysis of theoretical and archival sources, the preconditions and peculiarities of the formation and development of art and industrial schools in Galicia in these years are highlighted. The factual material presented in the article can serve to summarize new knowledge about the historical post of schooling in Galicia.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5793 EDUCATIONAL AND HISTORICAL TOPICS IN THE VISIONS OF WRITERS OF WESTERN UKRAINE 2022-02-22T21:40:42+00:00 Maria Bagriy myskiv.bagriy@gmail.com <p>It is no coincidence that educational and historical themes are relevant in Western Ukrainian literature: in this way, writers-educators sought to show the indomitability of Ukrainians, the invincibility of the national "I", as well as to lift the spirit of the nation that lost the liberation struggle of 1918-1920. to realize the eternal dream of "union with Greater Ukraine". Cults of Kruty heroes, heroes of the Bazaar, Sich Riflemen, heroes of the battles for Makivka, Ukrainian Cossacks, Ivan Mazepa, T. Shevchenko, Lesya Ukrainka, as well as cults of native education and native book, education, Ukrainian, physically healthy, naturally appear in literature. spiritual rich, spokesman for the anti-alcohol movement, gradual farmer and housewife, who not only care about rational management, but profess the principle of "their own", which will lead in the future to economic and political independence of the Ukrainian state, the cult of a new generation of educated farmers, who, using the latest management methods, based on the acquired knowledge, general culture will be able to "gradually" (effectively) manage, become not only wealthy people but also active public figures who will lead others, the cult of a new constellation of cooperators who and farmers, will take care not only of their own material well-being, business, but also to build the nation economic mechanism, the cult of the mother-woman-patriot, nationally-conscious, active Ukrainian woman who cares about the proper national upbringing of children, etc. On these topics, Western Ukrainian literature differed from European literatures of "state peoples" and, of course, from Ukrainian Soviet literature.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5794 GENESIS OF ART AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS IN GALICIA (END OF 19th CENTURY – 1918): HISTORICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ASPECTS 2022-02-22T21:43:14+00:00 Hanna Ivaniuk h.ivaniuk@kubg.edu.ua <p>The article highlights the results of a study of the current scientific problem of the genesis of art and industrial schools in Galicia during the history of the late 19th century - 1918. Within these chronological boundaries, Galicia developed in the legal field of the Austro-Hungarian state. The genesis of art and industrial schools in Galicia is a cultural and educational phenomenon - the connection of traditional practices of folk-art culture and European aesthetic concepts and practices. The influence of the state economic and educational policy on the formation of art and industrial schools in Galicia, which was in the status of the Crown Land, and later - the Crown Land of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, is revealed. According to the results of historical and pedagogical research, the cooperation of art museums operating in Austria-Hungary and other European countries, their cultural and educational mission in the development of art and industrial schools in Galicia in the political and legal field of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. The purpose is achieved: the peculiarities of formation and development of art and industrial schools in the lands of Galicia as a cultural-educational phenomenon of progress within the specified chronological limits are substantiated and generalized. According to the results of the analysis of theoretical and archival sources, the preconditions and peculiarities of the formation and development of art and industrial schools in Galicia in these years are highlighted. The factual material presented in the article can serve to summarize new knowledge about the historical post of schooling in Galicia.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5795 THE INFLUENCE OF LANGUAGE POLICY ON THE FORMATION OF A NETWORK OF PRIMARY EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS OF TRANSCARPATHIA WITHIN THE AUSTRIAN-HUNGARIAN EMPIRE 2022-02-22T21:46:43+00:00 Oktaviia Fizeshi oktaviia.fizeshi@gmail.com <p>The issue of realization of the right of native language education in the conditions of multicultural and multinational region which is Transcarpathia acquires special urgency in the conditions of today. The realization of the right to provide native language education in the Transcarpathian lands has a long and controversial history, and it became especially acute during the period of their belonging to the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867-1919). Purpose: to study the features of the influence of the language policy of the Austro-Hungarian Empire on the formation of a network of primary schools in Transcarpathia. The methods are the content analysis of archival materials, educational and language laws in order to identify retrofeatures of the influence of language policy on the organization of primary school in Transcarpathia; the historical and comparative methods to identify trends in regional development of primary school. Results. The article is reviewed the influence of language policy on the formation of a network of primary schools. In 1867 Hungary achieved equal rights with Austria as part of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy and began to actively implement reforms. In the field on education the Law XXXVIII "On Public Education" was adopted in 1868 and the progressive nature of which was the introduction of compulsory primary education and the possibility of obtaining it by the native language. The language policy pursued by the Hungarian government as part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire during 1867-1919 had a pronounced national character. The introduction of the educational reform of 1868 contributed to the establishment of democratic ideas in terms of realizing the right of every people to native language education. In the Transcarpathian lands this fact led to a significant increase in schools for Ruthenian children, as well as representatives of other nationalities living in the region. The total number of such schools reached more than 500. There were also schools with bilingual education. The adoption of language laws in 1879, 1893, and especially in 1907, stimulated the introduction of state language policy in terms of establishing the state (Hungarian) language as the main language of instruction, which ultimately led to a complete reduction of schools with national languages of instruction and deprived natural right of Transcarpathian Ruthenians, Slovaks, Romanians to native language education.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5797 THE TRANSCARPATIAN BOARDING SCHOOLS ACTIVITY IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE XX CENTURY 2022-02-23T08:12:06+00:00 Mariia Cherepania mariia.cherepania@gmail.com <p>The basic educational institutions establishment and operation causes the problem of providing students with living conditions in the case of opportunities absence for their daily transportation to the basic educational institution. That actualizes the problem of creating school dormitories or boarding schools nowadays. Boarding schools also operated in Transcarpathia in the first half of the twentieth century. Purpose of the study is to provide a retrospective analysis of the boarding schools activity in Transcarpathia in the first half of the twentieth century. The methods: search and bibliographic in order to study archival, library catalogs, collections, descriptions and bibliographic publications; archival sources content analysis and materials on the boarding schools activity. Results. The article reviews the boarding schools activity in Transcarpathia in the first half of the twentieth century, the emergence of which was due to the adoption in 1868 of the Law "On Education", according to which the Transcarpathian lands, part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, began educational institutions’ rapid development from public primary schools to civic ones, as well as gymnasiums, lyceums, teachers' seminaries. Mostly these institutions were located in the modern Transcarpathia lowlands in the cities of Uzhgorod, Mukachevo, Beregovo, Nad Sevlyush, so students from remote and mountainous areas needed living conditions at the place of study. Boarding schools were organized at public expense and with the support of privat individuals and charities. The boarding schools provided round-the-clock students’ staying and organized life activities in their free time. To ensure the boarding schools activity, a manager, prefects (pedagogical mentors, educators), a spiritual manager, as well as support staff were appointed.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5798 EFFECTIVE MEANS OF FORMATION OF SOCIO-CULTURAL COMPETENCE OF JUNIOR SCHOOL CHILDREN 2022-02-23T08:19:43+00:00 Tetyana Blyznyuk blyztan@yahoo.com Tetiana Kachak tetiana.kachak@gmail.com <p>The article reveals the essence and structural components of socio-cultural competence of junior schoolchildren. It is noted that socio-cultural competence is necessary in order to develop the child's worldview, self-perception as a representative of a certain nation, the bearer of national culture; self-awareness as a member of society and a citizen of one's country who is responsible for its future. The means of formation of socio-cultural competence of junior schoolchildren at the lessons of the language-literary cycle are analyzed. The efficiency and expediency of using integrated lessons, roleplaying games for this purpose in primary school are substantiated. Work with authentic texts in the process of learning a foreign language; intercultural interaction; games, staging and dramatization; reproductive, constructive and creative tasks on the basis of the read texts of sociocultural subjects are stated in the article. The relevance of using digital tools as a means of forming socio-cultural competence of students in the modern educational process (programs for creating and watching videos, multimedia presentations, slide shows, didactic and educational content, search engines, google-forms, services for distance learning, testing, etc.) are described.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5799 ORGANIZATION OF SCIENTIFIC-COGNITIVE EXCURSION ROUTES AS A FACTOR OF ECOLOGICAL EDUCATION OF STUDENTS IN MOUNTAIN SCHOOLS 2022-02-23T08:25:16+00:00 Victoria Gniezdilova viktoria.gniezdilova@pnu.edu.ua Vira Buniak vira.buniak@pnu.edu.ua Iryna Lysiuk iryna.lysiuk@pnu.edu.ua <p>Excursions to nature with students of different ages contribute to the intensification of the educational process, create conditions for the organization of independent work of students. By paving ecological trails, students have the opportunity to get acquainted with various biocenoses and their species composition, to see connections in plant groups, their seasonal changes, to study the most typical ecological objects related to the impact of human activities. Everything that contributes to the formation of students’ ecological culture, reveals the worldview of modern environmental issues. The aim of our work was to study the organization of scientific and cognitive ecological trails in natural landscapes and complexes. The article presents the results of a study conducted on the basis of mountain rural schools in Zakarpattia and Ivano- Frankivsk regions. Two scientific and cognitive ecological trails were designed and organized with the members of the botanical and naturalistic circle of Tereblyansky Educational Complex: "In the native Tereblyanska side" and "Shirokoluzhansky nature reserve as a standard of beech virgin Carpathian forests". The first of them is of local lore nature, and the second is devoted to the study of the vegetation of the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve. The students of Perehinskyi Educational Complex developed the ecological trail "Vegetation of the mountain banks of Limnytsia - a valuable botanical gene pool of the Carpathians".</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5801 SPEECH ECOLOGY OF EDUCATION SEEKERS: THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS 2022-02-23T08:38:06+00:00 Halyna Bilavych ifosuhcvas@gmail.com Marіana Perchyk mari.perchyk@ukr.net Angelina Pavlyuk pavlukangelina11@gmail.com Veronika Ozarko ozarkoveronika15@gmail.com <p>The article is devoted to theoretical and practical aspects of the problem of speech ecology of education seekers. It is noted that the issue of formation of speech culture is the subject of special attention of Ukrainian scientists. Тhe problem of speech ecology of education seekers is extremely relevant today: language is a necessary condition for the education of socially active, spiritually rich and morally developed personality. The professional success of an individual also depends on their speechmaking. According to research results, students have a medium and low level of mastery of speech culture. The Ukrainian language is of great importance in the education system, because it is with the help of the language in secondary and high school that education seekers acquire their competencies. Fluency in the Ukrainian language is the duty and prerogative of the future primary school teacher. Creating an ecological language environment in an educational institution is one of the pedagogical conditions for the formation of ecological Ukrainian speech of pupils and students. The scientific circle "Language Ecologists", whose task is to become a means of language activity aimed at purifying the speech environment from language errors, etc. In this way, both students and schoolchildren master all the necessary language and speech competencies, enrich their vocabulary and make the environment healthier.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5802 GENERATION PEDAGOGICAL FUNDAMENTALS THE FORMATION OF AN INCLUSIVE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION BY MEANS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION 2022-02-23T13:43:20+00:00 Oksana Blavt oksanablavt@ukr.net Larysa Kozibroda lora.kozibroda@gmail.com Elena Rozhko olena_baranyuk@ukr.net <p>The article considers the issue of inclusive educational environment in higher education in terms of current trends in Ukrainian society. It is established that an important step towards overcoming the problem of social adaptation and integration of people with special needs, as one of the key priorities of modern Ukrainian social and educational policy, is to provide such people with the opportunity to provide quality educational services. In the conditions of active search for effective solutions to such a situation, it seems expedient to study the possibilities of using physical education for the integration of persons with special educational needs into the educational environment of the higher education system. The purpose of the study is to identify and substantiate the pedagogical foundations of the formation of an inclusive educational environment in higher education by means of physical education. Research methods: theoretical analysis, systematization, comparison of different views on the researched problem, generalization of data of scientific-methodical and special literature. Results: It was found that the formation of an inclusive educational environment involves a radical revision of the theoretical and methodological foundations of physical education, elimination of organizational and methodological barriers, development and implementation of new modern approaches and technologies, implementation of inclusive physical education practices for students with special educational needs. The pedagogical conditions for ensuring the formation of an inclusive educational environment in higher education in the process of physical education: methodological support; the focus of the content on the implementation of inclusive approaches based on individual approach and differentiated approaches. Conclusions. The results of scientific research give grounds to state the inseparable relationship in the organization of an inclusive educational environment of learning and physical education. Prospects for improving this process in terms of using all the potentials of physical education are identified. The priorities of the pedagogical process of physical education, aimed at eliminating the existing negative trends in physical development and health of students with special educational needs are aimed at implementing inclusive approaches in the formation of pedagogical technologies of physical education.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5803 PREPARING THE TEACHER FOR THE USE OF THEATRALIZED TEACHING MATERIALS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL 2022-02-23T13:45:56+00:00 Nataliia Blahun nataliia.blagun@pnu.edu.ua <p>In the article investigated that modern educational classes of schoolchildren are based mostly on a rationally logical way of acquiring knowledge. If the emotional sphere of the personality is not involved, then the sensory abilities gradually atrophy. It is highlighted that in the modern sense, "free time" should be rationally organized to stimulate the formation of motivated creative initiative. It is determined that theatrical activity is a source of feelings development, experiences, and discoveries of the preschooler, which attracts him to spiritual values and is a concrete, visible result. It is analyzed that the real theatrical activity is a synthesis of physical, emotional, and intellectual activities of the participants of the action, built on its playful nature. It is proved that the game activity in the theatrical action is expressed in the physical, emotional, and intellectual game activity of the participants. Gradually increasing the activity of the games used leads to increased activity of participants, reaching its peak in the climax. The works of well-known modern teachers are considered, which allows us to conclude that the technological approach in the design of pedagogical processes is becoming qualitatively new for modern pedagogy. The basis of theatrical technologies is their interactive nature and artistic and pedagogical orientation. The process of creating a pedagogical action is modeled. It is proved that if the presence of the spectator is not expected, i.e. the action is built in the form of a scripted game, all children are involved in the game, i.e. the creative activity of the participants is limited by the script, the unpredictability is lost. If the spectator takes part in a theatrical action, then he gets the share of activity that is inherent in the spectator of a theatrical performance, that is, he only contemplates, empathizes, and feels involved in activities on stage. In this version, the spectator is not a full participant in the action but acts more as an object of influence of performers and actors. Audience activity is not programmed in such a play.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5805 LINGUOPEDAGOGICAL PRINCIPLES OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION OF FUTURE SPECIALISTS: EXPERIENCE OF EUROPE AND UKRAINE 2022-02-24T04:49:42+00:00 Ivan Rusnak ivan_rusnak49@ukr.net Maryna Vasylyk vasilikmarina6@gmail.com <p>Based on the analysis of scientific studies of modern researchers and the activities of higher education institutions in the countries of the European Union and Ukraine, the article substantiates the relevance and expediency of training future teachers of foreign languages on the basis of linguopedagogy. Their role in creating a favorable foreignlanguage educational space for direct communication of subjects of the learning process (teacher and students, teacher and student, student - student, student - students) and involvement of native speakers and modern pedagogical technologies in order to form skills of intercultural communication and acquisition of professional competences by applicants of education. The content of general pedagogical and linguodidactic disciplines as the basis of theoretical, practical and research training of future specialists in foreign language education at universities of Poland, the Czech Republic and Ukraine and improvement of their skills of oral and written communication in a multicultural environment is analyzed. It is stated that in this multidimensional process, based on the provisions of the European Recommendations on Language Education, each member state of the European Union takes into account national traditions and experience of teaching foreign languages, achievements in world linguopedagogy, individual requests and needs of its citizens, the presence of experienced scientific and pedagogical potential. It has been found that the study of pedagogical and linguodidactic cycles contributes to the formation of profound theoretical knowledge among future specialists, understanding the processes of development, socialization, education and training of growing European citizens, acquiring professional competencies for successful activity in the European educational and scientific space.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5806 IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY BY MEANS OF MODERN MULTIMEDIA TECHNOLOGIES 2022-02-24T05:02:51+00:00 Oksana Harpul oksana.harpul@pnu.edu.ua Volodymyr Pylypiv volodymyr.pylypiv@pnu.edu.ua Mariia Lutsyk mariia.lutsyk.20@pnu.edu.ua <p>Ukraine is currently reforming its education system to bring it closer to modern social and economic realities. One of the key areas is to prepare future teachers for the knowledge of multimedia technologies, as they should lay the foundation for computer training of students and form the basic ideas and skills in the field of multimedia. The article shows the possibilities of effective use of multimedia for the implementation of educational and developmental functions of education in secondary school in the context of digitalization of education. The current state of use of multimedia technologies in the professional activity of a teacher is analyzed; features of studying the topic "Multimedia technologies" in the senior classes of the profile school; examples of using multimedia services to create interactive exercises and tasks are given; developed a site with guidelines for the use of multimedia technologies in professional activities for subject teachers; The results of approbation are given, which show that multimedia technologies open new methodological approaches in the system of general education, allow to save lesson time, fill it with information, combining various tools that will promote deeper and more conscious assimilation of educational material. Thus, interactivity, structuring and visualization of information increases the motivation of students, activates their cognitive activity. Summarizing the results of the survey, it can be argued that multimedia technologies open up new methodological approaches in the general education system, save time, fill the lesson with information, and combine various tools that will promote deeper and more conscious learning. Thus, interactivity, structuring and visualization of information increases the motivation of students, activates their cognitive activity.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5807 THE PROJECT-BASED LEARNING TECHNOLOGY IN THE METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE FOR PROFESSIONAL PURPOSES 2022-02-24T05:05:29+00:00 Iryna Humeniuk imix@ukr.net <p>The article focuses on studying the potential of application of the project-based technology in the process of teaching Ukrainian Language for Professional Purposes to future specialists in the pedagogical sphere. In order to achieve the aim of the research, a set of methods has been used: analysis and systematization of scientific sources to elucidate the stage of solving the issue; visualization and generalization to clarify the stages of implementation of the research approach and define the theme of the project-based activity of students within the Ukrainian Language for Professional Purposes course. The methodology of using informational, applied and research projects within the analyzed teaching technology is emphasized. On the basis of analysis of the scientific information space of the issue, the main types of project-based activity that can be used in the process of teaching Ukrainian Language for Professional Purposes have been determined, their aim and consistency with the stages of implementation of the research approach in the context of the analyzed academic discipline have been established. The author’s view of the gradual implementation of the research approach in the context of teaching Ukrainian Language for Professional Purposes has been taken as the basis for creation of the theme of the projectbased activity within the discipline, and the main conditions for efficiency of implementation of the project-based learning technology within the course are emphasized: the prospective form of task statement, professional direction of the themes of projects with outlines of their applied use, a clear algorithm of implementation, assessment criteria, and compulsory public presentation of results. It is pointed out that the content and the algorithm of projecting depict the main aspects of teaching through research and therefore are the fundamental method of implementation of the research approach in the context of Ukrainian Language for Professional Purposes.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5808 INNOVATION IN HIGHER PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION: REALITY AND PROSPECTS 2022-02-24T05:08:18+00:00 Mariia Oliiar oliyar27@gmail.com <p>The article analyzes the strategic aspects of the development of higher pedagogical education in Ukraine under modern conditions. It is determined that the process of progressive social change in Ukraine involves the democratization of the education system, including higher pedagogical and innovative development. In the publications of Ukrainian and foreign scholars there are attempts to develop strategic directions for the implementation of ideas of democratization and innovation in higher education. Under these conditions, university education faces a number of challenges that require immediate response. Modern research shows that today the pressure of competition on universities is stronger than ever. It is argued that the reasons for this are the increase in the number of higher education institutions and the massification of higher vocational education among the European population, including Ukraine, the market of foreign higher education available to Ukrainian students and the demographic crisis. All these factors caused fierce competition between higher education institutions, the rapid development of advertising and PR technologies aimed at fighting for the applicant, intensifying the process of ranking universities. The emphasis is placed on key ideas that unite the modern university educational space. First, the main figure in the new environment is the student as a consumer of educational services, therefore, it is necessary to take into account the needs and interests of the student's youth. Secondly, we need to focus on the new model of the classical university. In particular, the most important trend in modern education is the combination of innovation and tradition, the development of theoretical foundations and the search for effective practices for the introduction of educational innovations. The third challenge is that fundamental questions about the content of learning and ways to transfer it are again exacerbated by the spread of new communication technologies and social networks. In these conditions, the progress of development of a particular university directly depends on the extent to which it is able to provide organizational and methodological support for virtual mobility programs and contribute to the formation of digital competence of students and teachers. The essence of the state innovation policy in the field of higher education is revealed, which should be based on a system of principles, which include: meeting personal needs in education and meeting public demands for educated individuals prepared for innovation; integration of science, education and production; optimization of mechanisms of state regulation of education and self-government on democratic principles; state policy of genesis of innovative processes in the field of education; application the paradigm of lifelong learning in practice.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5809 DIDACTIC FEATURES OF PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE TRAINING OF PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS 2022-02-24T05:10:43+00:00 Marta Prots marta.prots@lnu.edu.ua <p>The article identifies theoretical aspects of educational technologies and their significance in the organization of the educational process in general secondary education and higher education. The potential and objectives of applying educational technologies in the training of future primary school teachers in the environment of innovation and reform of the New Ukrainian School are outlined. The efficiency of the interaction between the educational process participants in "teacherstudent" and "student-student" positions is substantiated. Specific aspects of the application of interactive pedagogical technologies that facilitate an atmosphere of cooperation, interaction, co-learning, mutual learning, are identified. The requirements for the teacher’s professionalism in interactive learning (vivid personal qualities, humanistic approach, willingness to cooperate with students and their parents, as well as within the educational environment, etc.) are outlined. The willingness to cooperate is highlighted as the main indicator of a teacher’s professional level. The organization of interactive learning is described, which involves the use of role-playing games, discussion-based learning, situational modeling, collaborative problem solving, according to the relevant circumstances and situation. The role and significance, tasks of developmental learning technology are set out. In particular, among the tasks important in the professional training of primary school teachers, the tasks of developmental learning include the ability to think independently, argue, defend one’s opinions, ask questions, be proactive in acquiring new knowledge, think critically. In preparation for the lesson, the teacher purposefully selects such tools that will contribute to the intensive formation of students' personalities. Features of design technology are revealed: specifics, classifications and features of the organization. Pedagogical technologies can be mobile, which makes them extremely effective in the process of pedagogical and specialized training of future primary school teachers.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5810 PREPARATION OF FUTURE TEACHERS OF FOREIGN LITERATURE FOR THE FORMATION OF STUDENTS OF SUBJECT COMPETENCIES 2022-02-24T05:15:01+00:00 Iryna Rozman rozmanii@ukr.net <p>Extremely popular and important was the expression that we get knowledge for life. Modern conditions of sociopolitical life have changed the wording “education for life” to “education as long as life”. It is not enough to get a "baggage of knowledge" and be content with it. The pace of development of our life is so rapid that it is necessary to constantly engage in self-development, study foreign languages, information technologies, use the experience and advice of works of art in a new perspective: rethinking the need to develop competencies that we did not think about when reading literary works at school or higher educational institution. Now we are paying attention to the knowledge component, the active component and the value component. We read the work, identified the topic, idea, system of images, used comparative characteristics, chronological tables. Then logical schemes began to appear-notes, comparative analysis, audiobooks, presentations. Life shows that the requirements of the modern system and new approaches to the development of education are due to the fact that in a modern integrated community, both schoolchildren and students can no longer study in isolation, limiting themselves to a traditional rather closed society: teachers, friends, family. Telecommunications open windows to the wider world. Students get access to the richest information resources of networks, the opportunity to choose the necessary material in addition to what is available in the textbook. The task of the teacher is to form key competencies over the years of training-to teach students to select the necessary information, evaluate their quality, show selectivity in their consumption, form the ability to find the required data. As a rule, in the process of learning, students form, first of all, empirical thinking, concepts are presented in a ready-tomemorize form, the process of their formation is not conscious, students do not master a method of action that would allow them to independently apply knowledge in practice. The purpose of the article is to consider the communicative aspect of the formation of oral speech development skills, the ability to analyze the artistic component of literature, the active component and the value component of learning. In order to train future teachers of foreign literature in subject competencies, first of all it is necessary to get well acquainted with the Program on Foreign literature, focus on the gradual development of all components. It is necessary to understand the principle of drawing up a Program on foreign literature for grades 10-11. In grades 10-11, a new stage of literary education begins – creative and critical reading, which will be a logical continuation of the previous stages.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5811 FORMATION COGNITIVE FLEXIBILITY AS A BASIC COMPETENCE OF A FUTURE TEACHER: SCIENTIFIC AND THEORETICAL SUBSTANTIATION THIS PROBLEM 2022-02-24T05:31:03+00:00 Borys Savchuk boris_savchuk@ukr.net Ruslana Romanyshyn ruslana.romanyshyn@pnu.edu.ua Liliana Khimchuk liliana.khimchuk@pnu.edu.ua Lesia Vysochan lesjavusochan@gmail.com <p>In the article, in line with the discourse of foreign and Ukrainian scientists, a scientific and theoretical substantiation the problem of forming cognitive flexibility as a professional competence future teachers is made. It is shown that cognitive flexibility is studied in psychology, philosophy, clinical medicine, management, pedagogy, cybernetics and other fields of knowledge. The content of the formed beginning of the XXI century is revealed. theory of cognitive flexibility. Its representatives criticize the "traditional" model of education as "linear", because the information in it is presented in a logical, consistent structured form. Therefore, it does not meet modern social challenges and the needs of training a modern specialist who must quickly adapt to new requirements of pedagogical activity. The essence of professional competence of the future teacher, its main structural components and pedagogical conditions of realization are found out.Four main components of cognitive flexibility as a professional competence future teachers are identified and characterized: 1) cognitive abilities (possession of psychophysiological and receptive abilities and abilities for adequate understanding of modern social and educational challenges); 2) adaptive abilities (quick adaptation to different life circumstances); 3) flexibility of thinking (adequate response to changes in the professional and social environment); 4) emotional flexibility in the "narrow" sense (value-emotional perception of the realities of professional and social life; tolerant response to specific behaviors of students, colleagues).</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5812 USE OF INTERNET RESOURCES IN FUTURE TEACHERS' PROFESSIONAL TRAINING IN THE DISTANCE LEARNING CONDITIONS 2022-02-24T05:55:03+00:00 Oksana Tsiuniak oksana.tsiuniak@pnu.edu.ua Tetiana Fedirchyk t.fedirchyk@chnu.edu.ua Natalia Nikula n.nikula@chnu.edu.ua <p>The article substantiates the urgency of future teachers professional training problem in distance learning conditions, as well as the need for education digital transformation, educational process organization the with the introduction of innovative and digital technologies. It was found that the informatization of modern society contributes to the popularization of Internet resources used in the educational process of higher education institutions. It is substantiated that the modern teacher should navigate in the information space, receive information, which is the main resource of digital education, and operate it in accordance with their own needs and requirements of professional activity; use Internet technologies, local networks; develop their own electronic products; must acquire new knowledge and skills that will help to work comfortably and be competitive in the educational space of the information society. It should be noted that usage of personal educational web resources can significantly increase the efficiency of the educational process, intensify educational-cognitive and independent activities the applicants for higher education and organize quality training in distance learning conditions. It should be noted that usage of personal educational web resources can significantly increase the efficiency of the educational process, intensify educational-cognitive and independent activities the applicants for higher education and organize quality training in distance learning conditions.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5813 FORMATION OF JUNIOR SCHOOLCHILDREN’S ELEMENTAL MYCOLOGICAL REPRESENTATIONS AND CONCEPTS IN AT THE LESSONS "I EXPLORE THE WORLD" 2022-02-24T06:01:20+00:00 Uliana Borys ulaborus333@gmail.com <p>The article is devoted to the formation of elementary mycological ideas and concepts in primary schoolchildren at the lessons "I explore the world". It is emphasized that natural ideas and concepts in schoolchildren are formed during the study of natural education, in the context of the integrated course "I explore the world". There are analyzed the pedagogical conditions for the selection of teaching methods and techniques during the formation of elementary mycological ideas and concepts in primary schoolchildren at the lessons "I explore the world". It is concluded that the system of visual teaching methods is directly related to the system of teaching aids, in particular visual aids, a comprehensive approach to the use of which in combination with the teacher’s word gives the necessary educational effect. The particular importance is given to practical methods, which are a complex interaction of word, clarity and practical work. Practical teaching methods play an important role in the formation of skills and abilities how to apply the acquired knowledge about mushrooms. During the formation of mycological ideas and concepts, the main practical activity of students is to perform a variety of practical tasks, exercises, didactic games. Based on the analysis of account the age characteristics of primary schoolchildren, the content of natural material, generally accepted conditions of knowledge formation, it is established that the effectiveness of the process of knowledge formation of primary schoolchildren depends on material; observance of step-by-step formation of natural ideas and concepts; selection and combination of different methods and means of teaching during the formation of knowledge. psychological, pedagogical and methodological literature, taking into</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5814 STIMULATION OF THE PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS' LEARNING PROCESS 2022-02-24T06:06:33+00:00 Oksana Kilichenko oksana.kilichenko@pnu.edu.ua Larysa Nakonechna larysa.nakonechna@pnu.edu.ua <p>The article considers the peculiarities of stimulating primary school students to study. The concepts of "motive", "motivation", "stimulus", "stimulation" are analyzed and generalized. The stages of formation of learning interest in primary school children and its dependence on the organization of the educational process are determined. The level of formation of cognitive interests of students of a class is investigated. Systematized and developed classification of learning stimuli, which includes stimuli, the source of which is the process of activity, stimuli, the source of which is the content of activities, stimuli, the source of which is the relationship between teacher and student, stimuli as a result of student assessment and stimuli arise from the use of different learning tools. The dependence of the use of learning stimuli on the use of teaching methods and forms of organization of the educational process is shown. In particular, the requirements for the use of such teaching methods are specified: specially organized situations of success, the method of creating a situation of interest in a particular subject, the method of creating a situation of novelty of educational material, the method of relying on life experience of students. The expediency of using the method of stimulating the educational process in primary school of various games and game forms of organization of cognitive activity is indicated. Among them are the following groups of games: short games and game shells. The peculiarities of the organization of the educational process in primary school in order to stimulate children's learning through the combination of children in groups are noted. The role of school textbooks as a means of organizing the educational process and the peculiarities of their use in stimulating the learning of primary school students are determined. The article outlines the pedagogical conditions for successful stimulation of children to study. The main ones are to ensure the content of the program material to the mental development of students, the use of various types, forms and methods of learning, use in lessons of collective activities, creativity of teachers in working with textbooks, creating a favorable moral and psychological microclimate.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5816 PEDAGOGY OF PARTNERSHIP IN THE SPIRITUAL EDUCATION OF STUDENTS OF NEW UKRAINIAN SCHOOL IN MOUNTAINOUS REGIONS 2022-02-24T08:11:54+00:00 Maria Kopchuk-Kashetska mariia.kopchuk-kashetska@pnu.edu.ua Oleg Dovgij olegdovgij@gmail.com Maria Klepar mklepar10@gmail.com <p>The article actualizes the problem of realization of ideas of pedagogy of partnerships in the spiritual education of students of the New Ukrainian School of mountainous region. The essence of the concepts “pedagogy of partnership”, “spiritual education”, ”moral and spiritual values” are revealed. It is noted that the concept of the New Ukrainian School is the first document of reform, which identified the main principles of new education. The principles pedagogy of partnership is based on are presented, according to the Concept of “New Ukrainian School”. It was found that at the present stage of creation of Ukraine as a democratic constitutional state and its integration into the European community the problem of pedagogy of partnership of primary school students becomes more important. Students, parents and teachers, united by common goals and aspirations are voluntary and interested accomplices, equal participants in the educational process, responsible for the result. The teacher is a child's friend, and the family is involved in building it educational trajectory. This encourages the use of New Ukrainian School in the educational process, cultural and pedagogical heritage of the Ukrainian people, finding the best ways of moral and spiritual education of schoolchildren on the basis of revival of folk customs and traditions. It is proved that the centuries-old experience of the Ukrainian people, its ideals, notions of good and evil have a significant impact on the formation of moral spiritual values of schoolchildren. It is concluded that the pedagogy of partnership is a true democratic way of cooperation between teachers, students and their parents, provides unconditional equality in the right to respect, trust and mutual demanding in spiritual education.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://scijournals.pnu.edu.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5817 ACTIVITIES OF INCLUSIVE RESOURCE CENTERS IN MOUNTAIN AREAS 2022-02-24T08:21:21+00:00 Nataliia Matveieva nataliia.matveieva@pnu.edu.ua <p>The urgency of the problem lies in the ever-growing number of children with disabilities in Ukraine, the need to provide them with appropriate assistance from specialists and the existing obstacles to the development of inclusive infrastructure in the mountain villages of our country. Remoteness, poor transport links, lack of qualified specialists, incomplete awareness of the population hinder the development of inclusive education, prevent its receipt by people with special needs. The purpose of the article is to analyze the specifics of the activities of inclusive resource centers that provide assistance to teachers, parents and children with disabilities living in mountainous areas of Ukraine. We used theoretical (analysis and generalization of psychological and pedagogical literature) and empirical methods (surveys, interviews, observations, methods of statistical data processing). The article raises the issue of development of inclusive education in rural (mountainous) areas of Ukraine. The main factors influencing this process are considered, the peculiarities of providing high-quality correctional and developmental, psychological and pedagogical services to children with special educational needs living in mountainous areas are analyzed. The results of the study showed that the activities of specialists of inclusive resource centers to provide assistance to teachers, parents and, in particular, children with disabilities living in remote areas, is of great importance for personal development of students and professional activities of teachers, parental awareness. The issue reaches the national scale, as evidenced by the activity in expanding the regulatory framework, government allocations for the development of inclusion. However, the problem is not fully explored today and needs further in-depth study.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021