PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY TOURISM ON THE TERRITORY OF UKRAINE AFTER THE END OF THE RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN WAR
The article considers the prospects and importance of military tourism in Ukraine after the Russian-Ukrainian war, which may become one of the important areas of patriotic education of the younger generation of Ukrainians and highlight the scale of the war in the world. The impact of wars and conflicts always has a negative impact on the tourism sector, but the facilities that remain after such events can serve the development of such tourism as military tourism, attracting the attention of both domestic and international tourists. The aim of the article is to study and substantiate military tourism as an important factor in the development of tourism in Ukraine in the postwar period, and to identify the main tourist resources that are the basis for the organization of military tourism. To achieve this goal, the dialectical method of cognition, methods of analysis, synthesis and comparison, system, abstract-logical, modeling method, graphic method and system-structural method were used. The theoretical basis of the study consists of scientific works of domestic and foreign scientists on the development of military tourism and tourism in general and the results of their own research. In the article on the basis of the processed literary sources of foreign and domestic scientists on the structure of military tourism it was found that there is no unified structure, and each author provides his vision of the development of structural elements. Military tourism has been studied, namely, its structural element - military-historical tourism, which is a type of tourism, the purpose of which is to visit places related to military events and facilities created as a result of the war. The main aspects of the development of military tourism after the Russian-Ukrainian war are substantiated and formulated, and it is established that monuments, memorials, museums related to military events should be erected in Ukraine, as well as memorial routes should be created. The priority directions of development of military tourism are offered and the value of development of such kind of tourism for patriotic education of young and adult generation of Ukraine is allocated.
2. Metreveli, M., and D.J. Timothy. “Effects of the August 2008 War in Georgia on Tourism and its Resource.” Tourism, progress and peace, 2010, pp. 134-148.
3. Venter, D. “Examining military heritage tourism as a niche tourism market in the South African context.” African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, no. 6 (1), 2017.
4. Webster, C., and S. Ivanov. “Tourism as a force for political stability.” International Handbook on Tourism and Peace. Drava Verlag, Klagenfurt, 2014, pp. 167-180.
5. Zavarika, G. M. “Military tourism as a peculiarity of tourism development in a post-conflict territory.” Journal of geology geography and geoecology, no. 31 (1), 2022, pp.186-193. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15421/112218. Accessed 22 May 2022.
6. Zeid, A. Kassouha. “ Post-conflict tourist landscapes: between the heritage of conflict and the hybridization of tourism activity.” Open edition journals. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4000/viatourism.3984. Accessed 22 May 2022.
7. IA "On time", vchasnoua.com/donbass/68312-vony-vystoialy-ne-vystoiav-beton-sohodni-v-ukraini-den-pamiati-zakhysnykiv-donetskoho-aeroportu. Accessed 22 May 2022.
8. Kadnichansky, D., and N. Kadnichanska. “Military tourism: issues of terminology and classification.” Geography, Economics and Tourism: National and International Experience: Proceedings of the XIV International Scientific Conference, 2020, pp. 132-138
9. Kushnaryov, V., and O.Polishchuk. “Military tourism as an innovative direction of extreme and cognitive-entertaining tourism.” Bulletin of the Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts, no 1, 2018, pp. 107–118.
10. Melnik, A. “Non-standard types of tourism.” Features of the functioning of military tourism. Local lore, geography, tourism, no 16, 2012, pp. 3–5.
11. Melnyk, A. “Non-standard types of tourism: features of military tourism.” Kyiv collection of scientific works of the Military Institute of the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, no. 33, 2011, pp. 350–353.
12. Sardak, S. E., and S. V.Taran. “The potential of "dark" tourism in Europe.” Economy and society, no.18, 2018, pp. 27–34.
13. Smirnov, I. G. “Regional analysis of the resource base for the development of military tourism in the United States. “ Current state and prospects of economic development, accounting, finance and management in Ukraine and the world: a collection of abstracts of the International Scientific and Practical Conference, 2017, pp. 135-138
14. “One thousand year warranty. How the Serpent Shafts defended our land in the times of Russia and today.” Lb.ua, lb.ua/society/2022/04/05/512325_tisyacha_rokiv_garantii_yak_zmiievi_vali.html. Accessed 22 May 2022.
15. “Tourist barometer of Ukraine.” Ntoukraine, www.ntoukraine.org/assets/files/ntou-barometer-2020.pdf. Accessed 22 May 2022.
16. Ukraineinform, www.ukrinform.ua/tag-azovstal. Accessed 22 May 2022.
17. Shamara, I. M., and M. G.Savchenko. “The impact of political instability on tourism development in the Middle East.” Bulletin of the Karazin KhNT, no. 10, 2019, pp. 219-226.
18. Sandor, F. F., and M. P.Klyap. Modern types of tourism. Kyiv, 2013.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivs 4.0 Unported License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access)