Licensing And Permits As A Means Of Government Regulation Of The Use Of Natural Resources

  • N.R. Kobetska
Keywords: licensing system; licensing of economic activity; issue of permissive documents; natural resource licensing; natural resource permits; licensing system in the use of natural resources.


In the article the essence, purpose and characteristics of licensing and permits as a means of government regulation of economic activities and elements of the permit system in the wide sense are defined and delineated. Using a licensing mechanism, the government aims to protect the interests of consumers from unfair and substandard economic activity and assumes control of market access for those who are capable of qualified, in accordance with the required level requirements, to their stated activities. In turn, the resolution serves as a legal mean that helps to realize the right for certain fixed laws, actions in the system of economic or other activities.

The respective regulations are analyzed concerning the areas of environmental relations and relations of natural resources use. It was concluded that in contemporary legal system the actions of the Ukrainian subjects relating to the exploitation of beneficial properties of natural resources fall under the permissive adjustment.

Permitting system in the area of natural resources is defined as a set of legal relations arising between licensing authorities and users of natural resources due to provision of permits aimed to the registration of the use of parts of natural objects, the legalization of the right to use natural resources, identify specific conditions and the order of their use. Natural resources permit is a legal form of the transfer from state and other entities, owners of natural resources, the right to use a defined part of the natural object, installation mechanism, fixation the law of nature resources use. According to its legal nature it differs from licenses for economic activity as powerful arrangements of state control.