Hate Speech As A Sign Of Violation Of Citizens’ Equality Regardless Of Their Race, Nationality Or Religion


  • S.Ya. Lykhova
  • H.H. Rybalchenko


hate speech, xenophobia, criminal penalties, law enforcement activities.


The problems of discrimination based on race, ethnicity or religious beliefs. The article also identified the causes and conditions conducive to the spread of the phenomenon of «hate speech» as a manifestation of xenophobia. At the same time there is a research of the problem of inadequate training of criminal acts under Art. 161 of the Criminal Code and reviewed the recommendations of international organizations in this field.