Innovation as an object of civil relationships
This article explores innovations as objects of civil legal relations and their impact on the contract. The contract is a universal form of regulation of these relations. The analysis of scientific concepts on the objects of legal relations became the basis for the conclusion about the priority of pluralistic approaches to the objects of legal relations in general. Regarding innovation, the article argues for an inexhaustible list of them.
The author argues that innovation must be technological in nature. Therefore, goods and services produced by technological innovations cannot be innovations. Products can be innovations if they have new or improved qualities.
On the basis of the analysis of special legislation, it is concluded that the characteristics of innovations stipulated therein are of an economic rather than legal nature. However, some of them, such as novelty and practical suitability for improving the industrial, economic or social sphere, are the basis for the formation of legal characteristics of innovations.
From the point of law view, innovation is a complex integrated legal concept, which includes several objects of intellectual property rights. It is substantiated that innovations include, first of all, objects of industrial property rights, but not only them. Innovations consist from the objects of intellectual property rights, but differ from them in the moment of their creation. Objects of intellectual property rights acquire these attributes on the basis of receipt of supporting documents or other grounds established by law, while innovations acquire a special status by virtue of confirmation of the fact of their practical introduction into production.