Registration Procedures In The Mechanism Of Water Bodies Transfer For Use Under Lease

  • L.R. Miskevych
Keywords: water body, land plot of water fund, natural resources, state registration of property rights, the moment of acquisition of the right to use.


The scientific article is devoted to the study of problematic issues of acquiring the right to use water facilities under lease. It is noted that in the field of land, water, environmental relations, the water body and the land under it are separate objects, but in the field of property relations, which are governed by civil law, such objects are one whole both in the spectrum of regulation of property rights and contractual relations. However, the different sectoral affiliation of the water body and the corresponding land plot of the water fund inevitably affect the content of civil legal relations, supplementing the civil rights and obligations of the subjects of these legal relations with statutory requirements for the use of these natural resources.

The significance of registration actions for the water body and the land plot of the water fund, which is transferred for use in the complex with the water body, is analyzed. The commission of such actions is aimed at establishing their identifying criteria and state recognition of these natural resources as objects of water and land relations, respectively. However, in the property turnover the public value is not the land plot of the water fund or the water object taken separately, but their tandem, which is perceived as an object of civil legal relations and, accordingly, the subject of the lease agreement. Given that the interests of the tenant are satisfied by the use of water space, the law states that the use of the contract provides a water body in a complex with a plot of land. However, such a legislative approach made it difficult to decide when the tenant acquired the right to use, as the law does not define a water body as property in respect of which the state registration of rights is carried out.

Based on the analysis of the normatively established identifying criteria of a water body, it is concluded that the water body can be considered in the status of real estate in view of its legislative definition. Thus, when determining the moment of acquisition of the right to use water facilities under lease, it will be justified to apply the provisions of civil law. The novelty of the legislation is the priority of the land plot in the complex with which the water body is transferred and the automatic extension of the right to lease the land plot under the water body to such water body.