«Crisis Of Trust» In The Criminal Justice System And The Court As One Of The Intangible Consequences Of Crime
The article substantiates the need to intensify criminological knowledge of the fundamental problem of the consequences of crime. It is emphasized that finding out the extent of the consequences of crime is of both scientific and purely practical interest. The nature of the consequences, their parameters, levels of manifestation, recipients, «price» and other points must be taken into account when developing a preventive effect on crime.
The notion of consequences of intangible crime from the point of view of representatives of criminal law and criminological science is considered. The author’s definition of intangible consequences of crime as «generated by crime for the individual, society, state consequences of not materialized nature, the manifestations of which are the infliction of mental (moral) harm to individuals and non-pecuniary damage to public and private legal entities, civil society institutions, state» . Given the nature of the damage, the intangible consequences of crime are proposed to be considered on an individual basis (post-traumatic and mental disorders of victims of crimes of individuals; damage to the business reputation of legal entities as a result of criminal behavior); public (fear of crime; habituation to crime; criminal subculture, etc.) and state («crisis of confidence» in criminal justice; lowering the international image of the state) levels.
Trust in criminal justice and the judiciary is defined as the belief in the correct strategy and tactics of the latter to ensure the proper state of law and order, protection of individuals, society and the state from dangerous encroachments on social values, rights and interests; efficiency, justification, economic feasibility of the applied measures of influence, and also expectations for positive results of the carried-out activity and further. Using the data of sociological research, the attitude of the society to the bodies of criminal justice and court is characterized.