Criminological And Psychological Analysis Of Cyberbullying
The article is devoted to the research of the modem social phenomenon - bulling. The author analyzes the concepts and features of bulling. Summarizing the positions of scientists, the author highlights the following signs of bulling: 1) intentional acts; 2) long-term or / and systematic (repetitive) actions; 3) collective nature; 4) the role structure; 5) aggressiveness; 6) power imbalance between the victim and the aggressor; 7) bullying is a behavior; 8) has a personal purpose; 9) has no signs of selfdefense. The article offers a universal classification of types of bulling, in particular physical bulling (acts of aggressive nature (beating, pushing, striking, striking); social bullying (creating a tense atmosphere for learning, to form a superficial attitude of the group, even teachers or school staff to the victim, boycott, isolation, persecution); verbal bulling (threats, humiliation, ridicule, hostile facial expressions and gestures, abusive nicknames); economic bulling (seizure of money and material things, damage of personal property); sexual bullying (humiliating gestures, jokes of a sexual nature, coercion to certain negative actions, shooting in dressing rooms); cyberbullying (messaging, images, photos, videos, harassing, abusive behavior, hacking into personal mailboxes or accounts, corrupting personal information, abusive behavior in chats, social networks, and mobile). In addition, special attention has been paid to preventing this negative phenomenon. As a result of the research, the author proposes changes to the current legislation in the field of counteraction to billing, in particular the need to clarify the actions as long-term and systematic, as well as to provide for the possibility of conducting of bulling by a group of people or bulling against of group of people. The author considers it necessary to further define bulling as an act having a personal purpose.