Structural Elements Of The «Price» Of Crime In Criminological Science
The author focuses on one of the most unexplored categories of criminological science - the consequences of crime. Despite the fundamental nature of the issue, since the consequences of crime determine the whole system of combating it, there is not enough integrated work in this respect. This article aims to expand criminological theory in terms of determining the structural elements of the «price» of crime, which will have practical significance in terms of building an effective strategy to counteract one or another of its varieties.
It is emphasized that existing proposals in the criminological science for the allocation of certain elements of the «prices» of crime deserve a more in-depth analysis and further development, being conditioned by various tasks of scientific research. In an effort to avoid duplication and «conditionality» when structuring the mentioned concept, it is justified to allocate only two system-forming components in it: the «price» of direct criminal behavior (the consequences of a real induction for society, state, person) and the costs associated with the response to the existence of the phenomenon of crime (maintenance of criminal justice bodies, implementation of an extensive network of measures for the prevention and suppression of offenses, etc.). Other types (loss of a criminal, costs as a «price» of crime expectations, etc.) are derived from the above elements, which, however, require the identification and detailed characterization.