International And Supranational Aspects Of Nuclear Liability

  • Marianna Novotna
  • Peter Varga
Keywords: nuclear third party liability, European legislation, international conventions on nuclear liability, EURATOM, nuclear damages.

Abstract

The Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage and the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy represent the fundamental international conventions regulating the issues of liability for damages caused as a result of a nuclear incident. These conventions have promoted a special regime (nuclear liability regime) which is based on the system of civil law and founded on several principles and which enables the compensation of victims of nuclear accidents by operators of nuclear installations.
The paper deals with some aspects of the current nuclear liability framework, analysing the fundamental principles which had become binding rules for respective contracting parties (states) over the preceding half-century, considering the commitments arising from the international nuclear liability conventions and trying to assess the possibility of application of the state’s liability for transnational nuclear damage under the regime of international public law. Further, the paper deals with the role, position and the competence of the European Union in the existing nuclear liability framework pointing out major challenges for the future development of nuclear liability regime legislation, taking into account the legislative activity and other forms of EU actions.

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Published
2019-06-23
Section
Articles